Brief Story of Mahabharat War


May 1, 2019
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A wicked person called Kans gets greedy, dethrones his father Ugrasen, and ascends the throne of Mathura (in northern India). He is warned by a divine voice that the eighth child of his sister Devaki, a son, would be his nemesis. He gets angry about this and imprisons his sister and her husband, Vasudeva. He kills their first six children. The seventh child is saved by divine intervention and whisked away to Gokul, some distance away from Mathura. Time comes for the birth of the eighth child and Kans gets anxious and tells the prison attendants to be alert and inform him as soon as the eighth child is born.

The time comes for the birth of Vishnu as the eighth child of Devaki, as Krishna. A divine shadow appears on the wall of the prison and informs the would-be parents, to their immense delight, that the Supreme God himself is about to be born as their son. Vasudeva is then instructed on what needs to be done. As soon as the child is born, all the prison guards become unconscious, the doors of the prison open by themselves and Devaki parts with her child with a heavy heart. Vasudeva departs with his child to Gokul. Amidst heavy rains, the river Yamuna parts her way in respect to the divine child. Vasudeva walks across the river and reaches Gokul to the house of his friend Nanda, the chief of Gokul. By divine intervention, the entire household is asleep and is unaware of the entry of Vasudeva. Vasudeva enters the house, to the room of Yashoda, who is fast asleep besides her just born daughter. Vasudeva places the divine child besides Yashoda and takes the girl child away back with him to the prison. The prison doors are automatically locked, and the guards regain their consciousness. The news of the birth of the eighth child is taken to Kans, who then rushes to the prison with a sword. He snatches the child away and throws it into the air with an intention to cut in into pieces with his sword. However, to his dismay, the girl child transforms herself into the Supreme Mother Goddess Durga. Durga laughs at him, tells him that his nemesis is safely away, and is being brought up at a far off place, and vanishes.

Krishna and Balram, the eighth and seventh kids of Devaki, are brought up at Gokul as the children of Nanda and Yashoda. Kans keeps sending wicked people to far corners of kingdom, instructing them to kill newborn children. However, even while being a child, Krishna does wonders. A wicked woman, Potana, on instructions from Kans, goes about killing newborn children by applying poison to her breasts and breastfeeding them. She reaches the abode of Nanda and beholds Krishna. When attention is diverted, she quickly takes Krishna, then a months-old baby, to a corner and breastfeeds him. However, instead of Krishna being affected, Potana herself dies a violent death. One by one, all agents of Kans get killed by Krishna as he grows, brought up as a shepherd. He kills an extraordinarily big serpent, lifts a mountain with his left index finger in order to save his folks from a mighty storm, and shows every sign of being God himself who walked on earth. As he grew into a young man, all the ladies, married and unmarried alike, flock to him and fall into his trance, sometimes being oblivious to their surroundings.

Kans eventually comes to know of this divine young man and sends emissaries to Nanda household, inviting Krishna and Balram for some ceremonies at his palace. Krishna and Balram accept the invitation and set about to Mathura. In Mathura, when these young people were in his court, Kans sets his mighty wrestlers on them. The brothers take on the wrestlers and kill them. Krishna then jumps onto the throne of Kans and kills him on the spot. He then brings his grandfather, Ugrasen, from the prison and enthrones him.

Meanwhile, the mighty kingdom at Hastinapur (current day Delhi, capital of India), ruled by Krishna’s cousins, is split up into two factions—one faction led by the Pandava brothers, five in number, and another faction led by Kauravas, a hundred in number. They rule most parts of present-day India, including Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, and the surrounding regions. Kauravas, led by their elder brother Duryodhan, gets jealous of the wealth and might of Pandavas. They call the Pandavas for a visit, cheat them over a game of dice, and usurp their kingdom. Elders frown at this, and a pact is reached by which the Pandavas need to spend twelve years in the forests and one year undercover, incognito. If the Pandavas are located and recognized during that one year, they would have to spend another twelve years in the forests and one year under cover.

Accordingly, the Pandavas go to the forests and spend twelve years there. The undercover year approaches. The Pandavas go to a king’s palace and hide there as his servants. One year almost gets completed when the Pandavas are located and recognized. There ensues a disagreement between the two groups. As per the Pandavas, one year is already over when they were recognized. As per the Kauravas, a few more hours were left and one year was not yet completed, so the Pandavas need to go back to the jungles again. Krishna tries to bring a truce between them and fails. Duryodhan does not budge at any proposals as he considers his side to be much superior with the likes of the great warriors Bhishm, Dron, and Karn on his side.

Then ensues a battle between the two factions. A large number of kings of the Indian civilization enlist their support on either of the two sides and personally come about, along with their armies, to fight in the war. They being cousins, Krishna and Balram do not want to fight. Krishna, however, sends his armies to fight on the side of the Kauravas, while he goes alone on the side of the Pandavas. He pledges not to take any weapon and goes merely as the driver of Arjun’s chariot (the third Pandava).

As the war is about to ensue, Arjun develops cold feet and tells Krishna about this. Krishna then takes Arjun away to a lonely place. There, he tells Arjun that he should not back away, but needs to fight, as it was his duty. Krishna then tells Arjun that he (Krishna) was the Supreme God who came to earth for the destruction of the wicked. The war was already won; Krishna already killed all the opponents; all that Arjun needed to do was to perform mechanical motions. Krishna then gives divine vision to Arjun and shows his true cosmic form in its true magnificence. Arjun then sees in Krishna the entire universe, including himself. He then sees in Krishna the way in which each of the warriors of the opposite camp would be killed. Krishna then tells Arjun, “I am the Supreme God, I am Vishnu, I am Brahma, I am Siva, and am everything else in this world; forget all other forms of worship and surrender to me. I shall deliver you. Just keep faith in me and you have nothing to lose.” (These holy teachings of Krishna to Arjun are encapsulated in Gita, the holy scripture of Krishna, extremely sacred to all Indians, even today).

The Great Indian War of Mahabharat then ensues for eighteen days and the Pandavas emerge victorious. Even though the other side was much stronger, the Pandavas are considered to have won the war only because of the presence of Krishna on their side. Krishna did not touch any weapon, yet he won the war for them.

After living for 125 years, Krishna decides it is time for his ascent to heaven. He is playing flute near a tree, his foot visible from behind a tree trunk. A hunter mistakes it for some deer or something and shoots an arrow, which pierces the leg of Krishna. When the hunter realizes his mistake, he pleads for mercy. Krishna tells him that it is not his fault and that it happened only because of Krishna’s will. He blesses him and forgives him and then ascends to heaven.

Indians believe that Mahabharat took place about 3000 BC, while academic historians place it at around 1000 to 800 BC.
Via : Prithvi
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