Vedic Era of Ancient India

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Apr 30, 2019
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The Vedic Age or the Vedic period or the Vedic era points to the time period when actually the Sanskrit Vedic texts were being written in Indian sub-continent. Then the society or the civilization that surfaced during that period came to be known as the Vedic Period, Vedic Civilization or Vedic Age. The Civilization flourished and reached its height between 1500 BC and 500 BC. They inhabited in and around the region of Plains of the Indian subcontinent, the plains of the Ganges. This particular civilization actually laid down the base of Hinduism (as a religion) as well as the related basis and foundation for Indian culture. The Vedic has rich history as it is during this civilization that India reached it’s cultural, social and economic high point.

Vedic Texts

Linguistically, the Vedic texts are rich in content and substance. The script of the Vedic period goes with the Hindu culture and thus can be classified into five main groups. The main gift of the Vedic civilization to the world is the full proof work of art, philosophy and culture in Hinduism that you can find in the erudite work of the script in the four Vedas; Rig Veda, Atharva Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda. These four scriptures of Veda depict the true and authentic essence of the Hindu culture. The content of the Vedas, mainly done in prose style, were very rich symbolizing the time. It has undergone many changes, pertaining to the language, during the Vedic era itself, but the true essence has been kept intact. The Rig Veda was first to be composed and mainly contains religious sermons and hymns, explanation to different religious myths and related stories.

Political Organization ,Society and Economy

During the Vedic period the areas were divided into many Grama (village), Jana and Vish. Each of these villages had a head who took all major decisions related to the welfare of the Grama. The state was ruled by a king known as the Rajan, who was called Samrat (supreme ruler). The duty of the king was to protect the needy and he was assisted by Senani (army chief) and Purohita (Chaplain).

The period is very important relating to social and economic changes. People got divided among themselves on the basis of work (Brahmins, Kshatriya, Shudras, Vaisyas) and many new laws were made effective. People started to become more aware of the need for agriculture and became religiously inclined. They started to worship bulls and cows and prayed for birth of a child. People worshipped idols of god, Indra, Soma, Agni (fire), Prithivi (earth) and many more. Yoga and Vedanta gained immense importance during this era. The social structure during this period was rigid. The rules of marriage were stiff and there was a clear divide between the people. The Brahmins and Khastriyas gained importance and the other low caste people began to de-grade gradually. The period was highly significant as it brought about a lot of changes to the language, politics and economy, and to the society in general.
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