Brahmanand Valli (Taitareyopanishad)

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Brahmanand Valli (Taitareyopanishad) < ------------------------------------ > Bhrigu-Valli (Taitareyopanishad)

PEACE INVOCATION


AUM SAHANA VAVATU | SAHA NAO BHUNAKTU |
SAHA VIRYAM KARVAVAHAI |
TEJASVINA VADHITAMASTU | MA VIDWISHAA VAHAAI |


FIRST CHAPTER


A knowledgeable person can attain the divine cosmic spirit. That cosmic spirit is always 'Sat', is the embodiment of knowledge and is infinite. He resides in the vast expanse of this sky and is also hidden in the inner most recesses of the heart. The person who realizes the divine spirit experiences that are enjoyable.

METHODS TO REALIZE COSMIC SPIRIT

The element space (ether)was the first to take birth from that cosmic soul. From the ether air took birth. From air was produced Agni or fire. From Agni, emerged the element water and from the water, the earth came into existence.

The earth,in her turn, created different herbs, medicines and food grains. The medicines created the normal human diet. This human body which is created because of these medicines is compared to a bird. In this way God resides in the heart of one and all.

SECOND CHAPTER

In the first incantation of this chapter, the greatness of food is described. All humans are created from food. Food nourishes all human beings and finally a human gets dissoluted into food. The individual soul residing in the bodies does not however dissolute into the food. After death these souls take rebirth in different forms.

The second incantation speaks of the body having breaths (prana). Other than the outer body created by food, there is another minute body within, which is known as 'pranamaya' body. This body dwells within the outer body and is all pervading.

THIRD CHAPTER

The first segment of this chapter speaks of the greatness of the prana (breath). All the gods, humans, animals etc. are sustaining because of prana, without which life is impossible. Prana is the life span of every creature. It is Sarvayusha.

The second segment speaks of the Manomaya purush. He is different from the pranamaya body. Everything finally merges into the Manomaya purusha.

FOURTH CHAPTER

The fourth chapter eulogizes the person who realizes god and who is the Manomaya body. The divine cosmic spirit embodies itself as the highest form of happiness to which even the senses, intellect and Manomaya body cannot impregnate. But this is useful as an aid to realize the divine cosmic reality.

This mind and this speech can definitely help us to attain god and these aids themselves return back after reaching us to the threshold of divinity. After this the devotee attains divinity. A person who realizes all this becomes free from all apprehensions and fears.

VIJNAMAYA BODY

The protector of the Vijnamaya body is the individual being. As it is smaller than the Manomaya body and as the soul resides in it, it is referred to as Vijnamaya purush. He resides in the cave known as intellect and as it is one with the intellect it is therefore a living being embellished with those qualities. As he resides in the Manomaya body he is known as purushkara.

FIFTH CHAPTER

The first incantation of this chapter eulogizes the Vijnana atma (soul) and the benefits of propitiating the cosmic soul are described. This fuses with the intellect and due to this the individual being is able to perform good deeds and can expand his virtues. The individual being inspires us to perform all actions. All the senses and the mind serve this Vijnamaya living being in their respective methods. If any devotee construes this Vijnamaya soul to be Brahma and made a mistake in trying to attain it then he would have got emancipated. He would have left all his sins in the body and would have enjoyed divine pleasure. The divine cosmic element is venerable for the Vijnamaya purush.

The second segment of the fifth chapter sees the description of the Anandamaya purush. Another soul which is within the Vijnamaya purush and is merged with it is Anandamaya purush. As this purush is the most sublime and pure it is referred to as 'Purushottam'. In this chapter the meaning of Vijnamaya and Anandmaya is the 'living being' and 'divine cosmic spirit' respectively.

SIXTH CHAPTER

The first segment of the sixth chapter speaks about the faith in the cosmic soul and benefits by believing in the same.

A person who does not believe in the very existence of God, himself becomes 'Asat' or impure. He does not follow the proper code of conduct. On the contrary, if a person who is in reality unaware of the reality of the cosmic soul, but asserts 'Definitely Brahma exists'. Such a person is a saint and a knowledgeable person. The first step towards realization is undoubtedly faith in the existence of God.

The second segment of this chapter speaks of the Anandmaya as well as the inner soul of the Anandmaya. The Anandmaya Brahma is the inner soul of all the bodies.

EVOLUTION OF THE NATURE AND UNIVERSE

Before the evolution of the universe the cosmic spirit decided to express him in different forms. According to independent actions of the Jivas, the cosmic spirit created the universe and also the intangible, impalpable and palpable. After this, the divine cosmic soul himself entered this universe. He expressed himself in all the five elements and all the creatures. In this way that cosmic soul assumed that many names, forms and titles as that of the number of things in the universe. That is why the knowledgeable say: " All that is listenable, perceivable and intelligible is the form of the divine cosmic spirit.

SEVENTH CHAPTER

Before evolution, the entire universe was unexpressed. That unexpressed intangible cosmic spirit created this universe. The supreme God created this universe as a form or embodiment of himself that is why he is referred as 'Sukrut' (self-made, self-created)

This Sukrut supreme god is the embodiment of happiness and the unredeemed individual soul has attained him and freed him from the shackles of birth and death. Therefore he is the protector of each and everything. One should have indomitable faith in that divine cosmic spirit. The person who realizes this divinity becomes fearless and the person who does not believe gets lost in the vicious cycle of life and death.

EIGHTH CHAPTER

The divine cosmic spirit regulates the air the rising and setting of the sun, the functions of fire and above all death. Without this force nothing can be regulated. The embodiment of happiness, the divine cosmic soul can be attained by the human being.

THE CLASSIFICATION OF ANAND

The happiness on the earth for humans is good conduct, good nature, well bred, born in a good clan, healthy, strong, embellished with all good qualities and above all wealth.

HAPPINESS OF THE GANDHARVA LOKA

A person, who does good Karma and attains the Gandharva bhava, his happiness is a hundred times more than what a human on earth enjoys. The people who are attached and know the Vedas can only acquire this happiness.

HAPPINESS OF DEVA GANDHARVA

The happiness of Deva Gandharva is hundred times more than the happiness of a human in Gandharva loka. A person, who is a selfless knower of the Vedas attains this state.

HAPPINESS OF THE PITRU LOKA (ABODE OF DECEASED ANCESTORS)

The happiness of pitru loka is hundred times more than that of the Deva Gandharvaloka. This happiness is attainable by a selfless learner of the Vedas.

HAPPINESS OF DEVALOKA (ABODE OF GODS)

The happiness of Ajaajan loka is hundred times more than that of pitru loka and the happiness of Deva loka is hundred times more than that of the Ajaajan loka. The happiness of 'Indra' which is the most sublime form of happiness is hundred times more than that of the Deva loka.

The happiness of Brihaspati (Guru of all gods) is hundred times more than the happiness of Indra and the happiness of Prajapati is hundred times more than the happiness of Brihaspati. The happiness of Brahma is hundred times more than the happiness of Prajapati. The person who knows the Vedas and is detached and desires nothing attains the highest form of happiness or Brahmanand. In this way the happiness of realizing the divine cosmic soul is much higher and greater than the happiness obtained from material and celestial objects.

The ultimate aim of the Shrutis is the realization of the divine cosmic spirit who is the happiness embodied and is all pervasive.

NINTH CHAPTER

In the first mantra of the ninth chapter, the form of the supreme God is explained and the benefits of their propitiation are also opined.

A person who knows the divine cosmic spirit becomes fearless and does not repent over anything. He transcends all the flaws of the human beings and acquires god-hood. He contemplates over the divine cosmic spirit and protects his soul.
 
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